ENHANCING SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF COMMUNITY-BASED
WOOD PELLETS PRODUCTION AS BIOMASS ENERGY TO SUPPORT LOW
CARBON ECONOMY AND CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION PROJECT
IN BANGKALAN, MADURA, EAST JAVA
The project funded by ICCTF runs the main program are: 1. Establish the Biomas Wood Energy Estate (BEE) of red kaliandra (calliandra callothyrsus) applying a Short Rotation Coppice pattern (SRC) or Planting, Cutting, Coppicing; 2. Build the wood pellet industry-in incubator scale managed by community and 3. Developing the capacity and education to various stakeholders such as the public, especially farmers and farmer groups, local government, central government and stakeholders. After two years (21 months) the project is run, some of the main results that can be developed are: 214 hectares of red kaliandra ready to supply the raw material of wood pellets and the carbon stored in the form of wood biomass; a factory building area of 200 m2 and its machinery processing wood pellets and 197 KW of electricity connection that has been producing a good quality wood pellets; community institutions that have been organized to manage BEE and wood pellets industry, the stored carbon accounting and monitoring and evaluation, training and technical assisstance for farmers, as well as the procurement of goods and services that support the operation of the project.
Development of an integrated BEE to the processing factory of biomass energy is a carbon neutral concept application and was first applied in Indonesia, precisely in Bangkalan, Madura. CO2 is absorbed by trees through photosynthesis cycle and burned then will emit at zero level. BEE of red calliandra built by the community or farmer groups of FMU “Gerbang Lestari” which consists of 10 farmer groups. They developed Calliandra Nurseries located in a representative farmer group and planting calliandra in the BEE using the appropriate silvicultural techniques meeting with local conditions. Harvesting of kaliandra has been commenced in May 2014, or exactly after 14-month-old plants kaliandra. The harvesting indicates that the factory of Gerbang Lestari has been operated. Based on calculation of carbon sequestration at the existing BEE, the estimated emission reductions at the BEE of kaliandra is 69.69 tonnes CO2eq/ha/year (emission of BEE) – 22.02 tonnes CO2eq/ha/year (emission of community forest located in FMU) = 47.67 tonnes CO2eq/ha/year.
As of the end of the project has produced wood pellets by CV Gerbang Lestari and has been stored in the warehouse of production as much as 12 tons. Wood pellet industry developed for community-based management in incubator level built on land with an area of approximately 200 m 2. Given that the procurement process is quite long, wood pellet machines are just beginning to operate in June 2014 and through a process of trial and fine-tuning machines as well as variations in raw material use of wood pellets. While in the midst of the village, CV Gerbang Lestari has bagged all legal requirements such as a factory License, TDP, HO, and Notariat Act Establishment. Farmers and factory workers have access to education and training of management and processing plant machinery processing wood pellets and they been able to develop the knowledge and production of wood pellet machine based on testing and empirical experience.
The project also undertakes activities and institutional capacity building of farmers through training programs, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), and technical assisstance. The FGD and training activities includes nursery development, planting, monitoring and evaluation, and maintenance of BEE. In the context of the development of the business model, so internal rules, policies, vision, mission, values, modes of production, profit sharing models, etc should link up the production of wood pellets with the ability of BEE raw materials supplying. This business model is becoming a major capital for CV gerbang Lestari Manager to run business activities patterned populist.
In general, the design of this project has everything goes, the integration of climate change mitigation, ecosystem quality improvement and strengthening of the local economy can be realized. If the Bangkalan projects model will be replicated in other areas, it needs to be adapted to local conditions and consider the results of energy plantation development and wood pellet mill and a broad market penetration.
Keywords: Biomass Wood Energy Estate, Wood pellets, Carbon Neutral, SRC, calliandra, emission reduction
Daru Asycarya-September 2014